Bolt Action ACW Rules
1. Draw an order dice. There is one order dice per brigade commander and 1 for each independent unit. Each unit must be part of a brigade except independent units, who may be part of a brigade. Independent units must be identified at the start of the battle.
2. Test for all routing units in the brigade
3. Move all units in a brigade as required. Units can only be given 1 order. Some orders require a morale check to complete an order
4. When required opposing forces can act during an opponent’s turn.
5. Once all the brigade has completed all its actions go back to 1 until all units have moved
Units can undertake the following actions
1. Fire without moving
2. Fire and advance. Cavalry use this order to dismount and fire or to remount and move. Infantry regiments can deploy skirmishers who can fire.
3. Run / Charge. Move at double speed
4. Change formation. Line to column and column to line. Limber or unlimber artillery. No advance can be made and the unit cannot fire.
5. Rally. No move or fire but lose D6 pin markers
6. Down. No move or fire, but gain an extra -1 to be hit. Mounted cavalry, limbered artillery and wagons cannot go down
Order tests are required for
1. Units that have pins. -1 per pin to the morale test
2. Units that are charging or receiving a charge
Order tests are taken using 2D6 against the unit’s morale and must be equal to or below the modified morale rating. A failed morale test means that unit cannot complete that order or any other orders that turn except hand to hand fighting.
If the order test is passed then the unit can complete its action and it removes 1 pin
Inexperienced troops = 7
Regular troops = 8
Veteran troops = 9
Colonel present with unit = +1
Brigade Commander within 6” = +2. Only for units in this brigade.
Army Commander within 12 = +2. Any unit
Commander benefits are not cumulative and only one commander bonus counts. Player can pick which commander to use
Pinned unit = -1 per pin
Supporting units within 4” = +1 per unit
If any order check results in a score of 12 on 2D6 then the unit has blundered, roll a D6
1= rapid retreat. Unit runs away from the closest visible enemy. If no enemy visible then unit goes down. Unit receives a pin
2= Retreat. Unit makes a normal move away from the closest enemy. If no enemy visible then unit goes down. Unit receives a pin
3= Move to the left. Unit moves 1 move to the left without changing formation. Unit receives a pin. If any friendly units are encountered then the unit stops and both units receive 1 pin.
4= Move to the right. Unit moves 1 move to the right without changing formation. Unit receives a pin. If any friendly units are encountered then the unit stops and both units receive 1 pin.
5= Move forward. Unit makes 1 full move to the front. Unit receives a pin
6= Charge nearest enemy within charge range. If no enemy is within charge range then unit advances at run pace and receives a pin.
Infantry. The standard unit size is 20 figures on 5 bases
Skirmishers. 2 figures per base. An infantry regiment can deploy 2 bases of skirmishers to its front. These must remain to the front at all times and within 6” of the home unit. All musket fire on the regiment is directed at the skirmishers with associated penalties. Cannon fire can be directed at the main body. The skirmishers may be recalled to the unit at the start of the unit’s turn. This is a free move.
Cavalry. The standard unit is 12 figures on 3 bases mounted or 5 bases of skirmishers dismounted. A cavalry skirmish line may move more than 6” away from its horse holders but once dismounted the horseholders can only move at 6”. The remounting move can only be done if the unit is within 6” of the horseholders
Artillery. The standard unit is 1 cannon.
Infantry 6” 12”
Cavalry 9” 18”
Limbered Artillery 12”
Unlimbered Artillery 3”
Terrain Movement Modifiers
Linear obstacles – ½ move. Must cross in single move.
Woods – ½ move. If in line then must take an order test and if failed then can move but takes a pin. Skirmishers receive no penalties from moving through woods.
Roads – double move for column only
Major rivers – only at crossing points
Skirmishers - ignore all movement penalties except major rivers
Interpolation of units
Line units can interpolate with 1 unit remaining stationary and the moving unit passing through it at ½ speed. Interpolation occurs at walking speed. However a unit wanting to interpolate must make an order test. If failed then the unit stops immediately in front of the stationary unit and both units receive a pin.
An infantry regiment in line fires at a rate of 2 shots per base. Only the front rank can fire. For an infantry regiment in column only the front base can fire at 2 shots per base. The unit can only fire to its front, standard 45o arc of fire.
Skirmishers fire at 1 shot per base but can fire in any direction.
Cavalry can fire mounted at 1 shot per base, only the front rank can fire.
Cannon have one shot per base.
Smoothbore musket 18”
Rifled musket 24”
Smoothbore carbine 12”
Rifled Carbine 18”
Sharps rifle 30”
12lb Smoothbore cannon 48” Damage =1D6, at point blank range (12") 2D6
12lb Rifled cannon 60” Damage =1D6, at point blank range (12") 2D6
Roll 1D6 for each shot fired. Basic to hit is 3+. Add or subtract the following modifiers
Shooting at 6” or less +1
Per pin marker on shooting unit -1
More than ½ range -1
Inexperienced shooters -1
Fire on move -1
Firer is mounted cavalry -1
Firing after a failed charge order -1
Target is down -1
Target is small unit (e.g cannon) -1
Artillery with casualties -1
Target is in soft cover -1
Target is in hard cover -2
If any shot results in a hit then the unit receives a pin.
Unit that are hit by enfilading fire automatically receive an addition pin.
For each hit roll to wound. Basic scores to wound are
If any of the wound scores are a 6 then there is the potential for exceptional damage. Reroll all 6s and if any are a 6 then the unit colonel has been killed. Units that have lost their colonel no longer receive the colonel’s command bonus.
Once the target has received all its casualties remove 1 base for every 4 casualties and mark additional casualties. A unit losing an entire base, this can be cumulative, must make morale test.
The morale test is taken against the unit’s morale using 2D6 and must be equal of lower than the units morale after the following adjustments have been made
-1 for each pin the unit has
-1 for each base lost below 5 bases. Most units will start with 5 bases but larger units do not take a morale test from shooting
-1 for each friendly unit routing within 6”
+1 is colonel present within unit
+ 2 for Brigade commander within 6” if colonel has been killed
+2 for Army commander within 12” even if colonel is present with the unit
Units that fail their morale test are routed and must retreat at run speed away from the enemy. Any friendly units that the routers move through receive 1 pin
At the start of the next turn any routing units must make a morale test, ignoring any loss of base factors. If passed then they lose D6 pins and must remain stationary for that turn.
Any active unit in range can charge any enemy to its direct front. The unit must pass a morale test. If it passes then it can charge. If it fails it must halt. The unit may fire this turn but at -1.
Any unit charged must take an order test. If passed then the unit can fire at point blank range at the charging enemy. Chargers receiving fire must take a morale test. If the chargers pass this test then they charge home. If failed then the chargers must halt.
If the charged unit fails its order test then it must retreat a full move. If it meets a friendly unit behind then it must take an interpolation test. If passed then can pass through. If failed then it must stop with its back to the enemy. Both units receive 1 pin.
Cavalry can counter charge cavalry that start their charge more than 12” away from the unit. Combat is simultaneous. Infantry can not counter charge cavalry
In combat the chargers attack 1st and then the defenders respond. If the defenders are defending a linear obstacle then the combat is simultaneous. Each infantry base rolls 2 dice per base with the values the same as for shooting plus the following factors
Attacking from flank +1
Attacking from rear +2
Once the attackers have inflicted casualties then the remaining defenders respond. The side that has inflicted the most casualties has won the combat. The losing side must take a morale test. If failed they rout. If passed then the victors must make a morale test. If failed then they must fall back 2” facing the enemy. If both sides pass then the melee continues to the next turn. Any unit losing casualties in a melee takes a pin.
Units charged or charging in column can only attack with 1 base
Cavalry charging have 3 attacks per base. Cavalry cannot charge defended obstacles nor unpinned infantry in line. Victorious cavalry can launch a 2nd charge in the same turn if they pass another order test and there is a viable enemy within any remaining charge distance that they have left.
Skirmishers cannot engage in hand to hand combat and must retreat a full move, re-join their parent unit or try and remount if cavalry. If they are caught by formed infantry or cavalry they are destroyed.
Brigade and army strength.
Once a brigade has lost 50% of its units then it is combat ineffective and all remaining units must take an order test before it does anything aggressive. If failed then the unit is removed from battle and goes home.
Once an Army has lost 50% of its brigades then all brigades must take an order test when their dice is draw. If the brigade fails the morale test then the Brigade goes home